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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 14, 2017 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman fodation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade wind and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news." ♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. 's special report from yemen, where the crisis is worsening. >> the war here has created so much misery with lives disrupted and destroyed. the escalation of the conflict means more people will be relying on the kindness of strangers just to survive. jane: jeff sessions denied he misled congress about contacts between the trump campaign and russia.
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and welcome to the flat earth ciety, the group convinced the planet has no curves has gathered for the first convention. ♪ jane: welcome to "bbc world news viewers in america and around the globe. the united nations is warning that the humanitarian crisis in yemen is worsening. unle aid is let in millions , more lives will be at risk. the saudi-led coalition ti ghtened the blockade last week in response to a ballistic missile. extreme hunger and disease are already killing an estimated 130 children a day. from yemen, clyde has this special report. clyde: this is a story about war and its humiliations.
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the stripping of dignity. but it is also about the desert trek to safety. it is a story of survival. [screams] clyde: there is panic at a in a city under rebel control. a saudi coalition airstrike targeted a nearby building, and has blown out the school's windows. in this conflict, death can come from the air at any time for kids as well as soldiers. what began as a civil war has become a proxy struggle between saudi arabia backing yemen's government, and iran, alleged to be battling rebels. they claim this is a bomb from the attack that did not explode. several countries, including the u.k. and america, have sold billions of pounds worth of
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weapons to saudi arabia during this war. apart from arms dealers, this conflict has no winners and civilians are the biggest losers. imagine what those displaced by the war are running from if this is what they are running to. dusty, makeshift desert settlements across yemen home to 3 million people and counting. but it is a pitiful existence in a place like this in the middle of a pitiless war. only the most basic shelter protects from the un-detecting sun and sound of the desert. yemen is down on its knees. an estimated 7 million people are facing starvation. this is a man-made calamity that shames the world. here has created so much
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misery with lives distracted and disruptedistracted -- and destroyed. the recent escalation of the conflict means many more people will be relying on the kindness of strangers just to survive. they fled their home the night the bombs fell. >> it was like thunder and lightning in the sky. we were scared and took our children but left everything else behind. we do not have food. our men do not have jobs. they go to market looking for work, but when they come back with nothing the children cry. [dogs barking] clyde: aiden is one of the ports at the end of the pipeline that helps sustain 21 million people, three quarters of the population. it is a precarious humanitarian
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operation. saudi arabia controls yemen's borders. a blockadeas affected aid going in support from the north, and the harbor at aiden here in e south can be shut down at a moment's notice. saudi arabia says sealing the borders will cut the flow of weapons, but shipments c be searched and verified. so why prevent all goods coming in? while using aid as a weapon of war is nothing new in this conflict. the rebels have themselves been accused of blocking aid convoys. despite warehouses full of food, millions are at risk of starvation. workers acknowledge this is where both sides have questions to answer. >> they have their own tactics to prevent it from getting to people are giving it to people they favor.
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we cannot teach people to give them this food, they will die. [baby crying] clyde: civilians in this war are forgotten people. pawns in a grave game. victims of a conflict they did not create. they have done nothing wrong. their only crime was being born here. jane: a short time ago, i spoke to the bbc's chief international correspondent, who is in the saudi capital. is there any sign they will let it through? -- aid through? >> this outcry is putting pressure on the allies to lift this blockade. it has devastating consequences in a country that has already been brought to its knees by
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months and months of bombardment and food shortages. the saudi diplomats have been openinghey wil start ports but only in those areas which are not controlled. they will exclude the port by the red sea, the united nation's lifeline to get into this desperately needed aid. main portseed is the and their being smuggled from iran. there is no time for a new inspection system. they have to make the current one work because people are in such desperate need that every extra day is a day too long. jane: how much of the decision here lies with the crown prince? especially with the arrests we saw earlier in the month. >> the yemen war is really the crown prince's war.
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when he took over for the deputy crown prince, this was one of his first assignments to take on this war. of course, foraudi arabia this , is not about yemen. this is a proxy war with his arch rival, iran. they see the conflict as being fueled by iranian support. pressure has been mounting on the crown prince because it is involving such a huge humanitarian cause for yemen. -- cost for yemen. it is not a one-sided war. all sides are accused of putting the people last in this war. the saudi-led coalition is named blamed by the united nations for most of the casualties in this conflict. there is pressure to find a way out. i have to say only two weeks ago, senior saudi officials were exploring ways to try to move to ward a political solution. there was supposed to be a meeting in london this week, which would be attended by rex tillerson, to try to explore ways to find a way out of this war. when they fired a long-range
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missile into riyadh, which was intercepted, the saudi's said this would amount to a declaration of war. they said the missile had a iranian markings. that led to another escalation. jane: thank you very much. and iran, thousands of people are spending a third night without shelter and freezing conditions, as the government is trying to help those affected by the earthquake. thousands of buildings collapsed. killing five thousands of >> authorities say they are not expecting to find any more survivors. still, rescued dogs are helping to hunt for signs of life. to clear ruined
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homes, demolish, and then rebuild. local people are in shock. thousands are homeless and in desperate need of shelter and supplies. >> after i got off and the power was out, i saw the ceiling came down. we have nothing left for else. -- us. >> the house came down on our heads. i got out from the back door of my house, i saved my child, but it was difficult. >> hospitals are being s up in and the aid effort is gathering pace, although some locals have complained the initial response is slow. iran's president has visited the area, promising whatever assistance is needed and criminal action if any public housing is found to have been substandard. this is the moment the earthquake struck on sunday. just across the border in iraq a , birthday party for these twins
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ends in terr. but this kurdish family escaped unharmed. and now the twins have had their party again, and the family sent condolences to all those who have suffered loss. and iran, at least 70,000 people are now homeless. they will need much warmer shelter than this. nighttime temperatures fall close to freezing. going indoors is ill terrifying because around 200 aftershocks have already been recorded. the painful process of grieving and eventual recovery for entire communities is only just beginning. james robbins, bbc news. jane: a look at some other news now. zimbabwe's ruling party has accused the top general of treasonable conduct.
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in a statement, they said general constance's criticism what disturbed national peace. the u.s. secretary of state rex tillerson will use his upcoming visit to try to stop violence against muslims. tillerson met the leader while the two of them were in manila for an east asian summit. they will meetgain on wednesday. he will also meet the head of the armed forces to urge the military to protect all populations. here in washington, jeff has denied claims he misled congress about contacts between the truck campaign and russia. under o e did not lie ath during his previous testimony. he did now remember a discussion that raised the possibility of the meeting between the donald
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trump and the russian president vladimir putin. how problematic is this for jeff sessions? >> this fits into a pattern of jeff sessions having to revise earlier statements he said under oath. in october, he did not believe there was any contact between the trump campaign and russian officials. now he is saying he did not member this meeting with george papadopoulos where he said he was going to go to russia and he had ties with the russian government. on one hand, he is saying i do not remember but he said he kind of remembers he did everything right. i don't think there are a lot of people who are trump critics that would believe that explanation. jane: how much more have we learned about donald trump, jr.'s relationship with wikileaks? anthony: he was communicating via private messages on twitter. direct messages on twitter with
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wikileaks's offial twitter page. wikileaks was telling him they had these clinton emails. a search page at the time after they were releasing them. donald trump, jr. ended up tweeting out a link to this page. sr. wasrump, talking about wikileaks all through the final weeks of the campaign. it is not a smoking gun. it does not look like he is knee-deep in collusion. but there shows a connection, which the intelligence community concludes was being handed information from russian hackers. jane: what has been jeff sessions' reaction to that? anthony: he is considering that as one of a range of options, whether they will open their own investigation in the justice department or hand this off to the special counsel, which is something usually reserved for when the justice department cannot investigate itself. today, he was asked about that. he said he would come to a thick
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quick conclusion on this. it was going to be based on whatever evidence and cts they find. there's a lot of pressure. donald trump -- it is unusual to see a president publicly pressure a justice department on any sort of ongoing investigation. jane: thank you very much for joining me. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, six months after taking office, the french president talks to the bbc about his relationship with donald trump and vladimir putin. jane: police anin rural california say five people are dead after a shooting at a primary school. a local hospital said they are treating three wounded children. it happened in the north of the state. so comment half-mast shootings barelyhere, this is
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being covered by national rolling news channels. james cook reports. james: another day, another shooting. police say the gunman was armed with a semi automatic rifle and two handguns as he moved from place to place, picking targets at random. there are at least seven crime scenes in this town. at least one child was shot here at this elementary school while another child was hit, along with a woman while traveling in a pickup truck. time, distressed parents were prevented from checking on their own children. >> i do not know any information at this time about victims at this school. i know we have evacuated a number of students. i know the school has been cleared. i know that we have the children attending school at a safe location at this time. james: police say they shot and
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killed the gunman, who the neighbors said had been acting strange lately. >> he had been getting a lot of bullets lately. hundreds of rounds. large magazines. we made it aware that this guy has been crazy. james california politicians, : including the governor jerry brown, have expressed their sadness about the shooting. no one, though, is claiming to be surprised. james cook, bbc news, los angeles. jane: the president of france has told the bbc that donald trump and vladimir putin are threatening western values of openness and tolerance. he was speaking during a visit
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to abu dhabi six months after taking office. paris correspondent traveled with the president and sent this report. most presidents enjoy a flash of noble power. he is fighting his own power for influence abroad. narrativelt a grand around this division. he says the west needs one, too, based on open anness, tolerance, and democracy. he said those values were under threats from leaders like vladimir putin and donald trump. >> if you do not defend that, it will be harder and harder. . reporter: is a getting harder now? >> for sure it is a threat. for sure. sometimes, there is chance.
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the explanation of the toergence is very often due paranoia of the threat and their willingness to protect something but theye much more -- want t forget the part that is heart of their own civilization. if they want to push them back from europe and they think the train the values is that, you lose them. reporter: does it work? when you sat down with mr. trump and mr. putin, have you found you are able to affect real change? >> share. so i willistic, and insist and insist and insist. reporter: macron ran his election campaign on insisting on liberal values, including when it came to jobs.
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there used to be a center of a booming leather industry with more than 100 factories. ge's factory is one of just a dozen left. unemployment here is twice the national average. president macron's sweeping reforms means that surge can hire again. >> what is great about him is he is young. no one will walk all over him, unlike his predecessors. he has great ideas, more flexibility for company owners to higher and more freedom. a company needs leaders to let them work. reporter: he already reformed the labor laws to curb the power of the union. in cafes like this one, his plans to extend unemployment have left in plan then his tax break for french millionaires. >> he is the president of the
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rich. he has not changed my life or the lives of the people in this town. i do not know if this man is going to change things for us. reporter: here in paris six months ago, he vowed to remake french politics. since then, he has been criticized for being more kings and presidents. even some of those -- more kings than president. even those who agree with them question his style as president. macron has said modesty does not interest him because he is france's last chance to prove to himself that openness, tolerance, and democracy work. hundreds of people from all over the world are in north carolina this week for the flat earth international conference. organizers say this is to help uncover and debunk
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pseudoscientific facts. most argue, earth is a disk and not a sphere. >> how do i feel about this? >> wars. >> deception. >> now, it is funny to me. >> this is satan's greatest lie. >> destruction. >> i have a dog. he will come back with it in his mouth and it will be all chewed up. >> death. >> i feel like i have been deceived. ♪ >> we used to think when we got started individually in thi we were alone. we have one thing in common. we live on a flat plane. >> when you are watching videos at home, it is just you and the screen. it is lonely. i came here because i need to
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see what flat earth people look like, and i was not disappointed. they look normal. very few people overweight. about 30% of them are cigarette smokers. only four of them that i met her are from around here. ♪ >> nobody likes this uncomfortable feeling of being on this tiny ball flying through space. ♪ >> as far as what is underneath this? i don't know. it could be this thickness. it doesn't even have to be that thick. we can only drill down eight miles. in fact, this is only 50 miles thick. we do not know. this could be this sort of dimension. do not take my word for it. i could be a mental patient recently released from an institution. ♪ >> once i decided that i had to go with it being flat based on what my gut feeling and common sense evidence, i was looking
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around to see who was making a working model. i couldn't find it anywhere. ♪ >> i guess i was the chosen one or the calling, because i had the skills to do this. i just put some ice in here because the sun, as it goes around, pretty much keeps this area melted. ♪ >> how do you know that the earth is flat? >> well, i've watch over 50 hours of video. ♪ >> i went down to the seashore in new jersey, and i did my own testing. >> what sort of testing? >> to take a straight edge and you go from one end and follow the horizon of the ocean and you go straight edge to the other end. it is flat.
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jane: and the moon is made of cheese. to find more global fax, check out our facebook and our website. i am jane o'brien. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertical vs are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up to date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: >> i will not accept, and reject, accusations that i have ever lied. >> woodruff: u.s. attorney general jeff sessions faces questions from members of congress, and defends his statements about russian contacts with the trump campaign. then, chain of command. a retired air force general testifies that an order by the president to launch nuclear weapons can be refused, if determined to be illegal. plus, how after-school programs are getting kids excited about math and science, and on the path to a career. >> the smile program tried to hit on a lot of different subjects, so i was able to, kind of like, have a little taste of


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